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Among the many different mainstream majors in the Natural Sciences, it is Psychology that extensively encompasses both ends of the research spectrum. As a university degree major, Psychology is both a theoretical and an applied discipline which focuses on the investigation of human and animal behaviors and mental functions. Studying for a degree in Psychology would entail taking up and completing intensive subject courses that typically begin with an overview of Psychology and its different schools, and progress to more specific content on each of the different schools of thought, including their respective rationale, tools, and techniques for understanding the mind. Psychology majors also take up more specialized branches of the field later on in their academic years, such as Clinical Psychology, Forensic Psychology, and Paranormal Psychology. Furthermore, the prospectus of a degree in Psychology cannot be considered complete without the inclusion of selected course subjects in Biology, Chemistry, and Statistics. This is because each of these other sciences have a great deal of influence in how researchers in Psychology are carried out. Particular topics taken up briefly in each of these other fields of study often resurface when the student is taking up more advanced content, at which point the student would be expected to recall and apply such prerequisite knowledge. This is most visible in the written requirements of core subjects in the prospectus of a Psychology university degree.

Written requirements is this field can be divided into four general output, laboratory reports, essays, case studies, and quantitative research. Laboratory reports are written output from experiments performed by Psychology classes within controlled environments. These reports typically have a strict structure and require extensive technical writing knowledge and practical ability. Essay requirements in Psychology often ask students to critique scientific literature on particular topics. Being able to critique effectively often necessitates not just knowledge based on class discussions, but a deep understanding of psychological theories and the assimilation of input from a wide range of readings outside of the content available in textbooks and PowerPoint lectures. Requiring the submission of case studies is also a common practice in core Psychology subjects. Conducting case studies require enormous time and effort on the part of the student, as well as a sufficient amount of talent in synthesizing materials taken from period interviews with the subject. While many students manage to collect and compile information from case studies, only some are able to effectively use the information to draw useful inferences and the subject’s condition. In these projects, reliance on lecture notes often proves highly insufficient. Lastly, quantitative research papers in Psychology are written output that necessitate the execution of statistical data gathering and analysis. These projects are often less tedious to accomplish than case studies, but require that the student have solid mathematical and technological foundations, including knowledge in the operation of electronic spreadsheets such as MS Excel or statistical software such as SPSS or Stata which are essential for facilitating data analysis.

At the undergraduate level, Psychology is often treated as a standalone degree which can be a major for both the Arts and the Sciences. At the graduate school level, degrees in Psychology usually entail for the student to select a specialization, such as Counseling Psychology, Environmental Psychology, or Neurological/Physiological Psychology.